Follow our interactive guide to see at a glance what the driving regulations mean for you.
What the driving regulations say
There are different driving regulations, depending on the type of seizures you have now, the type of seizures you have had previously, and what type of licence you have.
The driving regulations are different if you have had a first, single ‘isolated seizure’. See our page on DVLA terminology for the definitions used by the DVLA.
Group 1 licences
Also called an 'ordinary driving licence', this group includes cars, motorcycles and mopeds. To drive, you must meet all normal driving requirements and must have been completely free of seizures for one year, with or without taking anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs).
Different regulations may apply if you have only asleep seizures or your seizures do not affect your consciousness (see 'permitted seizures' below).
Group 2 licences
Also called a 'vocational licence', this group includes large goods vehicles (LGV or lorries), passenger carrying vehicles (PCV or buses and minibuses with nine seats or more) and horse boxes. You must meet all normal driving requirements and must have been seizure-free, without anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), for the last 10 years. The DVLA will also need to be satisfied that you are not likely to have any more seizures.
Local authorities set their own standards for taxi drivers, and some use the DVLA regulations for Group 2 licences for driving a taxi.
Contact your local council for details.
‘Asleep seizures’ (sometimes called ‘nocturnal seizures’) are seizures that happen as you are falling asleep, while you are asleep, or as you are waking up. The term ‘asleep seizures’ might also apply if you have a seizure in your sleep during the day, if sleeping during the day is part of your normal routine (for example, if you do shift work).
• If you have an asleep seizure you must stop driving and contact the DVLA. If you are then seizure-free for one year you can apply for a new Group 1 licence, as you can for ‘awake seizures’.
• If you continue to have only asleep seizures you may be eligible to apply for a new Group 1 licence depending on the pattern of your seizures (see 'permitted seizures' below).
‘Permitted seizures’ are types of seizure where you can drive even if you are still having these seizures. The DVLA will send you a form (INS9) with more details about permitted seizures.
Awake seizures that do not affect consciousness, attention and the ability to act in any situation (including controlling a vehicle), nor cause any functional impairment
For some types of awake seizure, you may be able to drive under a Group 1 licence after one year even if you are still having seizures. This is only if all of the following apply to you:
• you stay fully conscious during your seizures;
• your seizures do not stop you doing anything; and
• you have only ever had this type of seizure and have never had a seizure that affects your consciousness, attention and ability to act in any situation.
Asleep seizures with no history of seizures when awake
If you have only ever had asleep seizures (and have never had an awake seizure), once this pattern of only asleep seizures has been seen for one year, you can apply for a Group 1 licence even if you still have these seizures. If you then have an awake seizure, you will need to stop driving and tell the DVLA.
Asleep seizures with a history of awake seizures
If you have had only asleep seizures over a period of three years since your last awake seizure, you can apply for a Group 1 licence, even if you still have asleep seizures.
It is important that this pattern of only asleep seizures is seen over at least three years, starting from the first asleep you have had since your last awake seizure. You will still need to tell the DVLA and your insurance company about your seizures.
If someone with no history of seizures or previous brain disease has a seizure caused by something that is unlikely to happen again, this may be a ‘provoked seizure’. This might include a seizure immediately at the time of a head injury or a stroke. The DVLA looks at these circumstances on an individual basis. Seizures caused by medication side effects, sleep deprivation, or alcohol or drug misuse are not usually considered provoked. If your first and only seizure was caused by alcohol or drug misuse, you will also need to meet the driving regulations for alcohol problems or drug misuse.
Seizures following a period of being seizure-free
If you have a seizure following a period of being seizure-free, and you have a history of seizures, you will need to stop driving and tell the DVLA. You will need to meet the medical driving standards for the type of licence you hold and the type of seizures you have.
Stopping or changing medication
If you are seizure-free and stop taking your anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs), there is a risk that your seizures will start again. If you, with your doctor, decide to stop taking (withdraw) your AEDs, your doctor is likely to advise you to stop driving while you are withdrawing, and for six months after you have stopped your AEDs. This advice will be based on the recommendation of the DVLA.
If you continue to drive and you have a seizure you will need to stop driving and tell the DVLA. If you go back onto the same medication at the same dose as you were on before, and are seizure-free and on this medication for six months, you can apply for a new licence.
If you are changing from one medication to another, and your doctor feels it is likely to be as effective, you do not usually need to stop driving unless advised to do so by your doctor. However, if you have a seizure you will need to stop driving and tell the DVLA. If you go back onto the same medication at the same dose as you were on before, and are seizure-free and on this medication for six months, you can apply for a new licence.