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first aid for seizures

Knowing how to help someone during and after a seizure may help you to feel more confident if a seizure happens. How you can best help someone depends on the type of seizure they have, and what happens to them.

Woman cushioning a man's head

10 first aid steps (when someone has a convulsive seizure)

What to do when someone has a seizure where they shake or jerk (a convulsive seizure).

Epilepsy Society app

Free epilepsy smartphone app

Download the Epilepsy Society app which includes seizure diary and first aid information. Available for iPhone and Android.

Woman comforting another woman

First aid for all seizure types

What to do when someone has a seizure depends on what type of seizure they are having.

What you need to know

What do I need to know about someone's epilepsy?

Questions to help you find out about someone’s epilepsy in case you need to help them during a seizure.


When to dial 999

When to call for an ambulance when someone is having an epileptic seizure.

A person writing in a notepad

What to record about a seizure

As part of managing seizures, and to understand more about someone's epilepsy, it can be useful to note down some details about what happens during someone's seizures.

Girl being put in the recovery position

Step-by-step recovery position

Instructions on how to put someone into the recovery positions following a tonic clonic seizure.

A girl being put in the recovery postition

Recovery position video

A step-by-step video to putting someone in the recovery position.

Cross-section of a tooth

Dental injuries

If you witness someone loosening or cracking a tooth during an epileptic seizure, your first aid may mean that their tooth can be saved.